It occurs when some of the bones in the front part of your foot move out of place. The skin over the bunion might be red and sore.
Bunions can also develop as a result of the shape of your foot, a foot deformity or a medical condition, such as arthritis. Smaller bunions (bunionettes) can develop on the joint of your little toe.
Wearing tight, narrow shoes might cause bunions or make them worse. Bunions can also develop as a result of the shape of your foot, a foot deformity or a medical condition, such as arthritis.
TYPES OF BUNIONS
Bunions on the big toe are the most common. Other types include:
Congenital Hallux Valgus: Some babies are born with bunions.
Juvenile or Adolescent Hallux Valgus: Tweens and teens between the ages of 10 and 15 may develop bunions.
Tailor’s Bunion: Also called a bunionette, this bunion forms on the outside base of the little (pinky) toe.
There are many theories about how bunions develop, but the exact cause is unknown. Factors likely include inherited foot type, foot stress or injury, or deformities present at birth.
Signs and symptoms of a bunion include:
A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe
Swelling, redness or soreness around your big toe joint
Corns or calluses
Ongoing pain or pain that comes and goes
Limited movement of your big toe
HOW BUNIONS ARE TREATED
Bunions don’t go away. Treatment often focuses on relieving symptoms and may include:
Bunion Pads and Taping: Over-the-counter bunion pads can cushion the area and ease pain. You can also use medical tape to keep the foot in the correct position.
Footwear Changes: Switching to shoes with wide, deep toe boxes can take pressure off of your toes. You may be able to use a stretching device to widen shoes you already own.
Orthotic Devices: Over-the-counter or custom-made shoe inserts (orthotics) can help to control alignment issues such as pronation that may be contributing to bunion formation. You can also place a spacer between the big toe and second digit. Some people find relief by wearing a splint at night to keep the big toe straight.
Pain Relievers: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) both oral and topical can be combined with ice packs help with pain and swelling.
Physical Therapy: Massage, physical therapy and ultrasound therapy can break up soft-tissue adhesions to reduce pain and inflammation. There are actually exercises that can help improve muscle strength around the bunion and can modestly improve alignment.
Injections: Steroid injections may reduce pain and swelling but may also be damaging if used too often or injected into the joint itself. This is often a late treatment of bunions when trying to avoid surgery.
Surgery: If nonsurgical treatments don’t help, and walking becomes extremely painful, your provider may recommend surgery. This procedure is called a bunionectomy. Your provider removes the bunion and realigns bones to bring the big toe back into the correct position.
Because there are possible complications of bunions such as Bursitis, Hammertoe, or Metatarsalgia, consult a Foot and Ankle Surgeon.
WHAT CLIENTS SAY ABOUT FOOT CARE WLA
THE BEST IN THE
LOS ANGELES AREA
"I had some surgery for a minor skin cancer on my ankle which became infected and created a wound that would not heal. After a month of trying, the surgeon sent me to Dr. J. Knudson. He has many years of experience with stubborn cases. Gradually he used various forms of treatment until I was finally cured. How fortunate I was to have found him. I am now back to my previous activity and health. They deserve more than 5 stars."
THE BEST DOCTOR IN
"I visited Associated Foot Care, Dr. Leonard Knudson for consultation on my right foot that needed surgery and Dr Knudson is actually the second Dr. I am visiting regarding my foot problem since the first foot Dr. I went to was like the waiting game type. Dr. Knudson x-rayed my foot right away and next thing you know, I had my schedule for my foot surgery! Everything went smooth, didn't feel pain at all. I fully recommend him."
KNOWLEDGEABLE AND TRUSTWORTHY FOOT DOCTOR
"My best friend recommended I see Dr. Knudson so I made an appointment and saw him. He is very knowledgeable and took the time to explain what was going on with my feet and how my bone structure was affected by the shoes I was wearing. He took x-rays to determine the condition of my feet before making any suggestions for treatment. I became his client since my consultation and will be seeing him twice a week! I will definitely be recommending him to my friends and family!"
Dr. J. Leonard Knudson is a Foot and Ankle Surgeon located in Culver City and near West Los Angeles that is able to determine the underlying source of your bunions.
We look forward to meeting your foot and ankle needs.
Our Los Angeles Foot Doctor is Certified by the The American Board of Foot and Ankle Surgery, is a California Licensed Podiatrist and has a Doctorate Degree in Podiatric Medicine.